57% of companies across the UK say they are aware of ISO 27001 and the importance that the certification holds. As an internationally recognisable standard for information security management, ISO 27001 is more critical than ever due to increasing risks in the world of digital information management. 

All ISO certifications are subject to complex controls regularly audited and updated in light of new risks to companies. With the average cost of a cyber breach costing $4.35 million in 2022 and more sectors undergoing digital transformations daily, the controls included within ISO 27001 are detrimental to the protection of companies.

If you want to learn what controls are included within the compliance staple, keep reading, as we are experts at Creative Networks.

What Is ISO 27001?

Before we jump into the controls included within ISO 27001, we wanted to give you a quick recap on precisely what this security compliance measure represents.

ISO 27001 focuses on all aspects of cyber security relating to people, processes, and technology. With more of a focus on assets, ISO 27001 is a popular choice for companies looking to enhance the safety of their data management, reduce cyber security spending and strengthen their team’s knowledge.

ISO 27001 can be seen as the tool that links different business departments together, as it requires a uniform approach to data processing to be adopted across an entire company. The controls that we will outline ensure this is achieved. Businesses with this accreditation can work more confidently by promoting a constant awareness of Information Security Management Systems. The parameters are also ideal for hybrid working companies, which are more likely to experience data violations due to various networks that could be used. 

Click here to find out more about what ISO 27001 covers.

What Number of Controls Does ISO 27001 Have and Why Are They Important?

ISO 27001 is required to improve information security. The compliance measure’s controls can add professional processes into a business and create the operations required to manage daily tasks safely. 

ISO 27001 consists of 114 Annex A controls that are segmented into 14 different domains. This may sound intimidating, but we can assure you that it isn’t. Companies looking to adopt the ISO standard and operate in line with its remits should pay attention to the 14 domains, as the controls are all encompassed within those sections. 

It should also be noted that the controls are not all mandatory, so it is up to the business and the supporting IT agency, if chosen, to understand what works for the company in question to meet the ISO 27001 overall requirements and achieve certificated status.

What Are the Controls for ISO 27001?

The 14 controls that make up ISO 27001 are as follows:

  • Information Security Policies (2 Controls)

The objective is to ensure each organisation has formalised written policies aligning with ISO 27001 standards and the company’s requirements. This is important because even though ISO 27001 offers the processes to follow, its success is hinged on how businesses use the structure to improve their operations. That is your answer if you have ever wanted to know how one form of compliance can suit many different sectors.

  • Organisation of Information Security (7 Controls)

With an objective to establish a security role framework and to create security guidelines for employees to access when hybrid working, this element is essential in the modern working world. More than 20 million people in the UK work remotely, and this control ensures they can access information safely without information being exposed to malicious sources. 

  • Human Resources Security (6 Controls)

ISO 27001 protects a business at all stages of the employee cycle, offering structures to support pre-, during, and post-employment scenarios. An official set of responsibilities must be published for this control measure, which also considers background checks, training, format procedures, and any other tools deemed necessary to protect a business.

  • Asset Management (10 Controls)

Assets are a company’s top priority to protect, whether that covers employees, data or products. This control requires acceptable usage to be defined for how assets are managed and also covers the handling of media content.

  • Access Control (14 Controls)

In recent years, 450% in unlawful access to business data has been experienced across global organisations, representing how important sufficient access control measures are. This element of ISO 27001 requires tools such as access control policies, authorisation of digital processes, and programme restrictions.

  • Cryptography (2 Controls)

This involves ensuring that key and encryption management is in place to protect data and other forms of confidential information. 

  • Physical and Environmental Security (15 Controls)

Any loss of data can severely impact business operations. This control measure prevents assets of all forms from becoming compromised through loss of all forms or damage. Whereas many measures look at digital security, this requires a physical barrier to be put into place, sufficiently protecting operations and equipment. This is an example of not all measures being needed by all businesses, as not everyone will have assets of this form to protect.

  • Operational Security (14 Controls)

For this measure, all company processes must be documented, approved, and adhered to by all stakeholders to ensure complete security across all business operations.

  • Communications Security (7 Controls)

This protects both incoming and outgoing communications, as data transfer is one of the top reasons for company security breaches. Even forums such as social media are included within this as it offers an example of a company that malicious sources can access.

  • System Acquisition, Development, and Maintenance (13 Controls)

A large part of business operations involves transferring data for all above-outlined purposes. This element requires updating systems and data with the latest rules and authorisations to protect the wider business.

  • Supplier Relationships (5 Controls)

Suppliers will need to access company materials from time to time, so this aspect ensures that can be done in a controlled way. This requires format agreements and processes to be in place with regular audit procedures also outlined.

  • Information Security Incident Management (7 Controls)

Perhaps one of the most relevant tools in 2023, this encourages the professional management of any information security breaches including risk planning and recovering management.

  • Information Security Aspects of Business Continuity (4 Controls)

A security operations centre should always have a process in place that aligns with continuity planning and recovery. This annex requires that any decisions made with this purpose align with the wider business planning.

  • Compliance (8 Controls)

To end up, compliance is the final annex which requires a full view of security, legal, statutory, and contractual elements to be managed completely to ensure no access can be made to a company without the official permission. 

What Are the Benefits of Adhering to the ISO 27001 Controls?

Transparent Operations Across a Business

By having everyone on the same page, a company can scale successfully and adapt to change with minimised risks involved.

All-Encompassing Security Measures

One of the reasons that some believe ISO 27001 is better than Cyber Essentials is that this compliance form covers both physical and digital security. This is your option if you want to consider all business factors with one form of compliance.

Affordable With Great ROI

Spending money on achieving ISO 27001 offers cost savings and book balancing in other parts of the business. You can learn more by visiting this blog, which covers the costs associated with ISO 27001.

How Does a Business Become ISO 27001 Compliant?

Are you now convinced that becoming ISO 27001 makes business sense to your organisation? 

Our expert team can support all aspects of becoming and maintaining compliance standards. Simply contact us today to learn more.

Enjoyed this read? Check out some of our other blogs below:

Do I Need Cyber Essentials if I Have ISO 27001?

Is Cyber Essentials the Same as ISO 27001?

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