ISO certifications are globally recognised compliance standards that ensure companies operate safely within various fields and sectors. They are recognised worldwide, which is one of the reasons that more than 1.1 million certifications have been awarded for ISO.

One of the most popular compliance certifications is ISO 27001, the world’s best-known information security management system (ISMS) standard. As with all of the other ISO standards, the award is assessed based on a series of controls and requirements which form the ISO standards unique to the particular compliance measure.

Keep reading if you want to know more about the ISO 27001 standards.

What Does the ISO 27001 Cover?

Before we explore the details of the standard itself, let’s quickly run through what ISO 27001 is. ISO 27001 is required to establish, develop and maintain a structured information security management system that is resilient to security breaches. The UK is at high risk of cyber crime, with the highest number of crime victims up 40% in 2022. As ISMS protect and interact with sensitive data, ISO 27001 was developed to provide a realistic framework for keeping information safe.

ISO 27001 focuses on all aspects of cyber security relating to people, processes, and technology. With more of a focus on assets, ISO 27001 is a popular choice for companies looking to enhance the safety of their data management, reduce cyber security spending and strengthen their team’s knowledge.

ISO 27001 is known for having complex controls and requirements, which is reflected in the cost of the certification. However, even though a business can spend thousands on achieving and maintaining the award, compliant businesses stand to make gains in many other areas, which means the cost is quickly recouped through efficient and safe operations.

What Standards Make up the ISO 27001 Standard?

What Standards Make up the ISO 27001 Standard?

One of the reasons the ISO 27001 certification can take some time to achieve is that there are a variety of controls and requirements to meet. Known as the standards that make up the award, these reflect some of the main differences between ISO 27001 and Cyber Essentials, a compliance certification often likened to.

ISO 27001 Controls

ISO 27001 consists of 114 Annex A controls that are segmented into 14 different domains. Classed as the controls, these are the various policies that unite the people and processes of an organisation to ensure safe operations for the ISMS. The controls that contribute to the overall standards within ISO 27001 are as follows:

  • Information Security Policies (2 Controls)- These ensure that each organisation has formalised written policies aligning with ISO 27001 standards and the company’s requirements.
  • Organisation of Information Security (7 Controls) – By establishing a robust framework, access and data management can be integrated into the ISMS policies.
  • Human Resources Security (6 Controls) – This includes employee management, employment background checks, training, format procedures, and any other tools deemed necessary to protect a business.
  • Asset Management (10 Controls) – Relating to anything included within the ISMS, the most common assets are employees, data and products.
  • Access Control (14 Controls) – This is the management of who can access data and how it is facilitated without posing risks.
  • Cryptography (2 Controls) – This involves ensuring that key and encryption management is in place to protect data and other forms of confidential information.
  • Physical and Environmental Security (15 Controls) – A combination of both physical and environmental measures are essential for preventing loss and/or damage of data.
  • Operational Security (14 Controls) – Integrating the policies element of the compliance certification, this requires all company processes to be documented and approved with a trail in place for audit purposes.
  • Communications Security (7 Controls) – This protects both incoming and outgoing communications, as data transfer is one of the top reasons for company security breaches.
  • System Acquisition, Development, and Maintenance (13 Controls) – Covering data transfers, this ensures that when a business scales the operations and framework structures are retained.
  • Supplier Relationships (5 Controls) – Formal agreements for data and security protection.
  • Information Security Incident Management (7 Controls) – Tools that highlight risk, allow implementation of changes and full recovery management if needed.
  • Information Security Aspects of Business Continuity (4 Controls) – This is essential for keeping a business moving even in times of uncertainty.
  • Compliance (8 Controls) – Ensuring a full view of security, legal, statutory, and contractual elements are available at all times.

You can learn more about how many controls are in ISO 27001 and what they cover by clicking the link.

ISO 27001 Requirements

The next elements that make up the standards of ISO 27001 are the requirements. Out of the 114 controls outlined above, 7 are deemed as requirements that every business must meet.

There are as follows:

  1. A Defined ISMS Project Scope – This requires a published set of guidelines, including how things are managed and the determined controls to have in place. Different for each business, this document is the foundation of the award.
  2. Commitment from Leadership – All business leaders should acknowledge and sign the policy requirements to ensure a uniform approach and understanding is established.
  3. Security Objectives – These will be unique to each business and should form a published document which outlines what the organisation wants to achieve and the processes in place to facilitate success. This aspect also covers many of the same elements as GDPR offering further peace of mind for stakeholders.
  4. Resource Planning – Make up of training records, employee hierarchies and team structures, this requires personnel to be assigned to each of the operating aspects of the ISMS.
  5. Operations and Strategy Published Procedures – These form not only daily operations but also the elements that are audited.
  6. Performance Measures – This requirement means organisations must have published procedures for tracking and assessing the ongoing ISMS performance and adherence to the broader ISO 27001 control measures.
  7. Nonconformity Management Process – Even though ISO 27001 provides the framework for mitigating risk, issues can still happen. This management process defines the process that will be followed should disparities occur to ensure a quick and efficient resolution can be experienced.

Click the link to learn more about how many requirements there are in ISO 27001.

How Are the ISO Standards Maintained?

How Are the ISO Standards Maintained?

One of the reasons that ISO 27001 is not outdated is because the controls are maintained via constant auditing. As well as checking the adherence to defined policies and the ISO 27001 standards, the audits are carried out in light of the latest threats and trends.

The cost of an official ISO audit starts from £6,250, but internal audits can be done for free if you have an in-house expert. By keeping a strong audit trail, any errors or risks are also highlighted, which allows updates to be made before the ISMS is compromised.

What Are the Benefits of the ISO 27001 Requirements and Controls?

  • They cover every aspect of business as an ISMS is at the centre of a company’s operations.
  • When combined, they offer a competitive advantage due to elevated operations. ISO 27001 accredited companies can also be viewed online, offering another way to stand out in a market.
  • The controls are also beneficial as various stakeholders can manage them to ensure the constant efficiency running of an ISMS.
  • Finally, they provide a constant view of performance, which means errors are highlighted, and best practices are easily viewed. This means scaling and other business changes can be done more successfully.

How Can Creative Networks Support ISO 27001?

Are you now interested in how you can get an ISO 27001 in the UK? Look no further than Creative Networks as our complete ISO 27001 service gives companies the tools and information needed for compliance.

Contact us today to learn more!

Did you enjoy this read? Check out the following:

Is ISO 27001 Better Than Cyber Essentials Plus?

Should I Get SOC 2 or ISO 27001?

ISO 9001 vs ISO 97001: Which Is Right for Your Business?

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