If you are on the journey of improving compliance and want to know how to become ISO 27001 certified, you must know the required clauses. 21% of businesses are aware of ISO 27001, which provides the growing momentum of this compliance certificate.

One of the reasons that ISO 27001 is the world’s best standard for ISMS is because of the structure framework it provides for compliant organisations. We often speak about how many controls are in ISO 27001, but is this the same as the clauses?

Keep reading to learn what clauses are vital for this ISO standard and how to ensure ongoing compliance once you become accredited.

What Is ISO 27001 Broken Down Into Clauses?

ISO 27001 focuses on all aspects of cyber security relating to people, processes, and technology. This forms the ISMS, which is at the core of any business. As well as ensuring data safety, other purposes of the award include reducing cyber security spending and strengthening the team’s knowledge of risk management processes.

ISO 27001 is known for having complex controls and requirements, which is reflected in the cost of the certification. The ISO standards attributed to this compliance standard are known as clauses.

The framework is managed in this way because it encourages the right level of detail to be applied to security. With many stakeholders contributing to an ISMS’s successful protection, the various components must be highlighted. By assigning clauses to different people and processes, eyes can be kept on all operations aspects, making highlighting issues and resolving them easier.

How Many Clauses Are There in Total for ISO 27001?

If you are confused by the many requirements in ISO 27001 and how this differs from the controls and clauses, let us set the record straight for you.

This compliance award is broken down into two parts. Part One contains 11 clauses for companies to work towards. Part Two of the certificate includes the 114 controls that implement the clauses in the different ways relevant to the business in question.

Are All ISO 27001 Mandatory?

Are All ISO 27001 Mandatory?

If you want to know how long it takes to implement ISO 27001, you must understand how to manage the clauses. Out of the 11 clauses, 7 are mandatory, which are clauses 4 through 10.

The first three clauses include the general data and information about what the ISMS standard offers. This information helps introduce ISO 27001 to a business and confirms the scope that must be adopted. Also included are normative references plus the terms and conditions, which should be referred to whenever re-alignment is needed.

Clauses 4 to 10 form the initial compulsory requirements and documented processes that form the rest of the standard. Without meeting these clauses, the right foundations will not be in place, resulting in a business likely not passing the auditing phase of the application.

Mandatory ISO 27001 Clauses

The clauses that you must adhere with when becoming ISO 27001 compliant are as follows:

Clause 4 – Organisation Context This aspect essentially creates the ISMS by forming the basis for the understanding, processes and documentation side of the ISO standard. By this, we mean that definitions are added to a company’s ISMS, which provides the framework for its safe and efficient running.

The context must consider stakeholders, business influences, client and competitor data, and industry-specific demands requiring the ISMS to be functional. The mandatory document under this clause is the ISMS scope (4.3). This includes these outlined definitions plus information relating to the required controls.

Clause 5 – Leadership and Management Both leadership structures and responsibilities must be outlined. Without full input from the right stakeholders, it’s unlikely that a company can adopt a concise approach to ISMS control.

ISO 27001 states that people are essential for helping organisations avoid security breaches. The leadership must therefore embed this into a company’s culture.

Clause 6 – Planning ISO 27001’s risk mitigation will be severely compromised without proper planning and processes being defined. Planning will be audited and inspected, so getting it right is essential.

Business objectives must be defined in a measurable way and suitable for monitoring. This ensures that reporting can be successfully carried out in light of company objectives. Another benefit of this is that measuring ROI is made possible.

All stakeholders must be included in the planning stages, and communication of the decisions passed through the rest of a business to ensure the successful implementation of future processes.

Clause 7 – Support As you will have gathered, communication and teamwork underpin a successful ISO 27001 strategy.

The purpose is to establish an ISMS that is efficient and safe. Support will then be needed to maintain the framework and deal with problems. This is one of the clauses that highlights the need for concise documentation. Furthermore, support processes and activities will be looked at during audits, so all records must be kept up to date.

Clause 8 – Operations Including a risk treatment plan (8.3) and risk assessment report (8.2), this clause requires a detailed look at how operations can proceed safely without an ISMS being compromised.

Clause 9 – Operational Performance Assessments This clause requires processes to be implemented that can measure and maintain performance. Including everything from employee engagements with an ISMS to overall efficiency, procedures must be outlined to define the scope specific to the business. This also covers the audit processes that will need to be managed internally.

Clause 10 – Improvement ISO 27001 does require a fully functioning ISMS to be in place for certification, but it is mindful of ongoing improvements that will need to be implemented. This clause requires a documented process to be established that can keep track of changes, recommendations, and any actions associated with the ISMS.

How Can a Business Maintain Compliance With All ISO 27001 Clauses?

How Can a Business Maintain Compliance With All ISO 27001 Clauses?

Stakeholder Awareness

This should be simple if the planning stage is completed correctly during clause 6. For an ISMS control plan to be maintained, everyone needs to be in the loop and take ownership of how they affect the system. Having more eyes on the framework means highlighting issues, finding resolutions, and scaling operations, which can be done with much less risk.

Approved Processes In Place

Having the right processes in place that are ISO-compliant is essential. This will mean that no matter what direction business operations head in, tasks can be managed by the approved ISO policies. To facilitate this, company documents and associated training must be part of the core values.

It is also important to note that at some points processes may need to change. If this is the case, work must be done to create new policies and to full documentation of the change must be recorded.

Regular Internal Audits

Aufits form part of the compulsory ISO management internally, so missing them is not an option. They help maintain the approved ISO status and highlight issues between official external audits. In addition, due to the ever-changing landscape of security threats, maintaining a strong audit schedule is vital to ensure that no new threats are likely to pose major issues.

External bodies will also assess these audits regularly, so keeping them up to date is mandatory.

How Can Creative Networks Support ISO 27001?

Keeping track of all associated clauses that make up ISO 27001 can be a complex task. However, if they are configured correctly and part of a bespoke framework, these systems should run efficiently.

Furthermore, by taking the time to perfect the mandatory clauses, companies will gain additional benefits such as being searchable online via the official ISO 27001 database, improved brand image and a stronger company culture.

To learn how to implement ISO 27001 and to gain support in the ongoing management of the award, contact our team today. We have proven experience in aiding companies to become compliant and maintain the safety of their ISMS with complete ease.

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