ISO 27001 offers a dynamic and effective way to manage an ISMS given the constantly developing cyber security threats that worldwide businesses are facing. Known as the world’s next standard for information security management systems, one of the reasons that this ISO standard is so effective is the clauses it’s constructed from.

At Creative Networks, we often get asked what the standards of ISO 27001 consist of, to which we respond by outlining the controls and requirements. However, the clauses possibly contain the most important set of details organisations must adhere to to gain certification.

With the UK’s 2023 data breaches reaching more than five billion as of October, now is the time to protect internal data systems using resilient methods. Keep reading to learn what clauses make ISO 27001 and how you can adhere to the ISO requirements efficiently.

What Do We Mean By ISO 27001 Clauses?

ISO 27001 is broken down into measurable factors that allow organisations to remain compliant across all departments. Many people want to know how many controls are in ISO 27001, but the fact is that the clauses make up the first section of the award and some essential mandatory conditions to meet.

What Are The Clauses Included Within ISO 27001?

What Are The Clauses Included Within ISO 27001?

Eleven clauses comprise the first part of ISO 27001, of which seven are considered mandatory requirements to achieve and retain the award. While not all are mandatory, they should all be considered as each brings a foundation component of a successful ISMS.

The adoption process of the clauses can determine how long it takes to implement ISO 27001, which will, of course, also differ for each business. You cannot become ISO 27001 certified without adopting the clauses outlined below, so it’s time to get very well acquainted with their details!

The clauses included within ISO 27001 are as follows:

(Non Mandatory) Clause 0 –  Introduction A uniform introduction clause is provided to ensure all companies have an equal understanding of the entire compliance award. This doesn’t include any actions but requires the stakeholders to get into the right mindset.

(Non Mandatory) Clause 1 –  Terms and Definitions Again not an action but this clause is one that should be referred back to at any time during the implementation and retention processes associated with ISO 27001. Think of it as the glossary of ISO terms!

(Non Mandatory) Clause 2 –  Process Approach Impact This section guides the approach that should be taken to achieve the award and remain compliant. Each business may tackle the task differently, but the bare bones of the framework should align with this guidance.

(Non Mandatory) Clause 3 –  Plan Do Check Act Cycle ISO 27001 requires constant monitoring and amending to remain resilient to security breaches. This process gives companies the events to follow to ensure this. Planning policies and processes are successful by implementing the right systems, checking, auditing and acting on any amendments needed.

(Mandatory) Clause 4 – Organisation Context This clause is the foundation of an ISMS. To do this, the processes and documentation side of the ISO standard are given context against the specific companies’ requirements.

(Mandatory) Clause 5 – Leadership and Management Both leadership structures and responsibilities must be determined and documented to adhere with the compliance aspect of ISO 27001. This is because the award states that people are essential for helping organisations avoid security breaches. The leadership must therefore embed this into a company’s culture.

(Mandatory) Clause 6 – Planning Business objectives must be defined in a measurable way and suitable for monitoring which comes from strategic planning processes. This ensures that reporting can be successfully carried out in light of company objectives. Another benefit of this is that measuring ROI is made possible.

(Mandatory) Clause 7 – Support Support in ISO 27001 comes from the published processes and systems in place. These give people the knowledge to interact safely with the ISMS and determine when risks may be posed. Furthermore, support processes and activities will be looked at during audits, so all records must be kept up to date.

(Mandatory) Clause 8 – Operations Including a risk treatment plan (8.3) and risk assessment report (8.2), this clause requires a detailed look at how operations can proceed safely without an ISMS being compromised. This clause is also important as operations will be different for each business which is fine. The point being that ISO ensures they are beneficial to the ISMS, not exposing it to any risks.

(Mandatory) Clause 9 – Operational Performance Assessments This clause requires processes to be implemented that can measure and maintain performance. Including everything from employee engagements with an ISMS to overall efficiency, procedures must be outlined to define the scope specific to the business. This also covers the audit processes that will need to be managed internally plus externally at the end of an awarded cycle.

(Mandatory) Clause 10 – Improvement This clause requires a documented process to be established that can keep track of changes and updates associated with the ISMS. ISO 27001 requires active system management, and improving is the best way to achieve this. All improvements must have been formally decided upon, which the framework can outline if running properly.

What Purpose Do ISO 27001 Clauses Offer?

ISO 27001 makes companies think about their activities and measure performance in a way that highlights any risks. The purpose of the clauses is to keep things running smoothly and encourage a culture of inquiry. By ensuring all stakeholders actively support the safeguarding of an ISMS, the entire organisation can work more confidently.

As we have also mentioned, the award has many wider requirements. However, the clauses ensure that the mandatory focuses are maintained. Companies can then determine other critical factors without leaving their networks susceptible to malicious parties.

How Can Companies Stick To ISO 27001 Clauses?

How Can Companies Stick To ISO 27001 Clauses?

Having the clauses outlined is one thing, but remaining compliant is the challenge many face. ISO 27001 doesn’t just give businesses the tools to gain the award but also retain it. By following the factors below, all mandatory clauses should remain firmly in place.

Internal Audits

The ISO 27001 award is valid for three years when internal audits are required. These ensure processes are still fit for purpose and that all stakeholders work safely when interacting with the ISMS. These audits also underpin the elements of the clauses to carry these out, and supporting them with proper documentation will enhance compliance effectiveness.

Staff Training

Knowledge is a critical factor in this compliance standard, meaning employees must be armed with the latest knowledge. Maintaining a strong training process minimises human risk elements, and clauses can be followed more closely.

Expert Assistance

Choosing to work with a team of ISO experts is also a proven way of maintaining compliance, no matter the external influencers thrown in the direction of the business. ISO awarding bodies typically only aid when awarding or recertification processes are needed, so it’s a good idea to find professionals to support in the interim.

At Creative Networks, we offer a full ISO 27001 support service, which helps with all stages, from initially becoming compliant to implementing the cyber security measures needed to retain the award. The topic of how to implement ISO 27001 is also highly searched for online, showcasing that many companies are looking for further assistance. By having a trusted professional team by your side that knows the businesses, it can be easier to become compliant and highlight any potential risks during the certification holding phase.

This support also means that businesses can confidently position themselves as ISMS experts, as no matter what issues arise, professionals are on hand to keep everything running smoothly. Does that sound appealing to you? Contact our team today for more support.

Did you enjoy this ISO 27001 article? If yes, we think you will appreciate reading the following:

How Much Does It Cost To Implement ISO 27001?

How To Check If A Company Is ISO 27001 Certified?

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